Views:4 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2021-10-27 Origin:Site
China will adopt 10 measures, ranging from switching to low-carbon energy to adopting green modes of transportation, to reach its carbon emissions peak target, and the country is working out specific measures and a timetable. The State Council said in a document released on Monday. To meet its ambitious but difficult emissions control targets.
Take measures to achieve peak carbon emission targets.
Analysts in special company say achieving the goal will require not only a top-down approach, but also the involvement of market players and the co-operation of various parties, such as power grids in different regions, to help China shift away from coal. Leading countries whose economies depend on clean energy.The document reiterates that China will achieve a peak carbon emission target by 2030, including a target of 25 percent non-fossil energy consumption by 2030.
One component of the 10 actions is how the country will gradually replace traditional thermal power with electricity from new sources such as wind, solar and hydropower. A number of specific goals and targets have been set to achieve this goal.
For example, China will vigorously develop and develop wind and solar power. By 2030, the total installed capacity of wind and solar power will reach over 1.2 billion kW.China also plans to add about 40 gw of installed hydropower capacity between 2021-25 and 2026-30, and promote hydropower projects in several river regions, including the upper reaches of the Jinsha River.
China will control coal use in many ways.
The plan is to control the growth of coal consumption during the 14th Five-Year Plan period of 2021-25, and gradually reduce coal use over the next five years. New coal power projects will be strictly controlled.Ma Jun, director of the Institute of Public and Environmental Affairs, said the wind/thermal power installed capacity target should not be difficult to achieve due to sufficient investment and technological progress. It could even exceed the 1.2 gigawatts target.
However, hydropower development will be limited by the protection of biodiversity, while nuclear power will raise safety issues. "In general, different energy sources should be used together in a cooperative way to help China go through the 'transition period' of energy adjustment," Ma said.
In addition to structural adjustment, the government will also promote carbon reform in many aspects. For example, it plans to peak carbon emissions in the energy-intensive steel sector by promoting mergers and acquisitions, which would increase concentration in the sector.It aims to promote carbon reform in the transport sector by making clean energy vehicles about 40% of all transport vehicles.
According to Ma, the most important way to achieve carbon targets is to "grasp the core issues such as carbon emission sources" and solve the problems with "dual wheels" of government guidance and market participation.
"I think measures should be taken from the supply side to curb carbon emissions, such as controlling high-pollution" projects, Ma said.China will select 100 cities and counties to pilot carbon reform, and landmark economic zones such as the Greater Bay Area should take the lead in transforming, the document said.The government also stressed that carbon cuts would not be "sports-like" or rigid, but "realistic".