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What is dimethylformamide DMF production technology and main application?

Views:1     Author:Site Editor     Publish Time: 2021-11-24      Origin:Site

Dimethylformamide (DMF) is a light ammonia smell of colorless transparent liquid, and water and most of the organic solvents mutually soluble, it is a common chemical reaction solvent, also known as "universal solvent". Pure dimethylformamide is odorless, but industrial-grade or spoiled dimethylformamide has a fishy smell becauseDMF manufacturers - Yuanfarchemicals it contains impurities of dimethylamine.

Dimethylformamide in open fire, high heat can cause combustion and explosion, can react violently with concentrated sulfuric acid, fuming nitric acid and even explosion, is a (Ⅲ)class of dangerous chemicals.

 The production process of DMF

1. Formic acid esterification two-step process

Methyl methylate was first produced from formic acid and methanol, and then DMF was formed by the reaction of dimethylamine gas. Formic acid was recovered from the crude product by distillation, and finally DMF was obtained by vacuum distillation.

The formic acid used in this method is reflected by carbon monoxide and sodium hydroxide in production to form sodium methyl benate, and then acidified by dilute sulfuric acid to formic acid. The cost is high because it requires a two-step reaction. The vast majority of domestic manufacturers adopt this method with backward technology and equipment, small production scale, and poor product quality, which cannot meet the requirements of manufacturers.

2. Methanol dehydrogenation two-step process

The two-step methanol dehydrogenation process is a new one-step synthesis process of methyl formate developed by southwest Research Institute of Chemical Industry, former Ministry of Chemical Industry. The reaction is to dehydrogenate methanol to methyl formate in a dehydrogenation reactor under atmospheric pressure, 200-250 degrees and the presence of catalyst, and then react with dimethylamine to generate DMF product.

3. Methanol dehydrogenation in one step

DMF was synthesized directly from dimethylamine and carbon monoxide using sodium formate as catalyst at temperature of 50-100 ℃ and pressure of 1Mpa.

The main raw materials of the one-step process are synthetic ammonia, industrial methanol and carbon monoxide.

The raw material is cheap, the source is broad, the production technology is advanced, the energy is saved, the product purity is high, more than 99%, suitable for large-scale continuous production, the United States, Japan and our country on the scale of enterprises and so on mostly adopts this method.

Application of DMF

1. Polyurethane slurry: divided into wet and dry two categories, is a kind of polymer solution system, transparent or slightly turbidized appearance, 65-70% of which is solvent, simply said that 1 ton of slurry contains 650-700 kg of solvent, for wet process is containing 650-700 kg of pure DMF;

2. In the pharmaceutical industry as a synthetic drug intermediates, widely used in the production of doxycycline, cortisone, sulfonamide drugs;

3. As a solvent in the acrylic fiber industry, it is mainly used in the dry spinning production of acrylic fiber;

4. In the pesticide industry for the synthesis of high efficiency and low toxicity pesticide insecticides, such as sulfadiazine, doxycycline, cortisone, etc.;

5. In the dye industry as a dye solvent;

6. In the electronic industry as tin parts quenching and circuit board cleaning;

7. Other industries include carriers of dangerous gases, solvents for drug crystallization, adhesives, etc.

Storage of DMF

Label: Flammable liquid, classified as (ⅲ) dangerous goods.

Packing: wooden case outside glass bottles, lined with non-combustible material or aluminum drum, galvanized iron drum.

Storage and transportation: store in a cool, ventilated warehouse. Keep away from fire and heat source.

Transport in isolation from halogenated hydrocarbons, nitrates and nitrates, methane diisocyanate, carbon tetrachloride, phosphorus trioxide, triethyl aluminum, oxidants and acids. Handle with care and keep the package intact.

YUANFAR CHEMICAL have been engaged in chemical business since 2001, and has our own factories  manufacturing hydrazine product

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